Norway Travel Guide
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Norway is officially called Kongeriket Norge in the Bokmål written norm, and Kongeriket Noreg in the Nynorsk written norm. In other languages spoken in Norway, the country is known as:
Northern Sami: Norga, or Norgga gonagasriika
Lule Sami: Vuodna or Vuona gånågisrijkka
Southern Sami: Nøørje or Nøørjen gånkarijhke
Finnish/Kven: Norja or Norjan kuningaskunta
The usual Old Norse form of Norway is Noregr and the usual medieval Latin form Nor(th)vegia, though the earliest known written occurrence of the name is English, in the form norðweg. Although some medieval texts attribute the name to a mythical King Nórr, it is conventionally derived today from Old Norse *norðvegr, meaning "the northern route". There is, however, some possibility that medieval forms in norð-, north- are folk-etymologisations, and that the name has other origins.
The Old Norse and nynorsk forms are quite similar to a Sami word that means "along the coast" or "along the sea" — realized as nuorrek in contemporary Lule Sami. The presence of the archaic prosecutive case marker supports the claim that the Sami word is indigenous and not a borrowing from North Germanic languages. Either way, competition over the linguistic origins of the name can be seen to reflect cultural tension between Sami ethnic groups and the dominant culture of Norway, which derives its identity from an Old Norse-speaking past.
Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia
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